In accordance with Article 118 of the Constitution of Puntland State of Somalia and Article 12 of the Human Rights Defender Act of 2011, The Human Right Defender plays key broad mandates including the following:

The Human Rights Defender shall have the following responsibilities and powers:

  1. To prevent violations of human rights by providing advice to the relevant authorities.
  2. To promote awareness and respect, among the public and public officials, of the importance of protecting human rights that are enshrined in the Constitution and the laws of Puntland, as well as in international protocols and human rights conventions.
  3. To protect and promote human rights that are enshrined in this Constitution and other related laws.
  4. To investigate any allegations reported by citizens or social organizations regarding violations of human rights and to present the results of those investigations to the relevant authorities, the public and to make recommendations to protect human rights in Puntland State.
  5. To support victims violated their human rights, and defend these victims in the court or in public.
  6. To appoint special committees that helps the defender to fulfill his/her duties.
  7. To monitor places where he/she suspects human rights violations have been or are taking place.
  8. To advocate the reform of laws or administrative procedures in order to increase the protection and respect of human rights.
  9. To issue an annual report on the condition of human rights in Puntland State.
  10. To submit a proposed legislation to the Council of Ministers related to human rights.
  11. To interrogate any person who has link/interfere with any ongoing investigation issue that the office is dealing with.
  12. The defender has the power of investigator and fact finding when discharging his/her duties.
  13. To investigate any allegations that arises on violations or abuses of the citizens’ human rights.